More precise analyses reveal that specific occupations and job factors present particular risks. national football league ohio state buckeyes full printing ugly sweater For example, machine-paced workers have one of the highest levels of anxiety,
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The Congress did not contemplate that this statute would be used to redress incidents over which the employer has no ability to control, national football league ohio state buckeyes full printing ugly sweater such as the unpredictability of workers or nonworkers committing violent, tortuous acts towards others. This issue was litigated unsuccessfully by OSHA in Secretary of Labor v. Megawest Financial, Inc., OSHRC Doc. No. . OSHA apparently is attempting in this NPR to obtain by regulatory fiat what was rejected by case law and to displace state tort law actions by using the OSH Act to police social behavior. After a review of the comments and the record on this issue, OSHA has decided that the proposed exception, which would have limited the work-relatedness of mental illness cases to those involving post-traumatic stress,
is not consistent with the statute or the objectives of the recordkeeping system, and is not in the best interest of employee health. The OSH Act is concerned with both physical and mental injuries and illnesses, and in fact refers to “psychological factors” in the statement of Congressional purpose in section 2 of the Act (29 U.S.C. 651). The 1985 National Health Interview Survey (Shilling & Brackbill, 1987) indicated that approximately 11 million workers reported health-endangering levels of “mental stress” at work. A large and growing body of literature on occupational stress has identified certain job and organizational characteristics as having deleterious effects on the psychological and physical health of workers, including their mental health. These include high workload demands coupled with low job control, role ambiguity and conflict, lack of job security, poor relationships with coworkers and supervisors, and repetitive, narrow tasks . These include role stressors and demands in excess of control.