Injuries and illnesses also occur at work that do not have a clear connection to a specific work activity, baltimore ravens go ravens full printing ugly sweater condition, or substance that is peculiar to the employment environment.
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depression, and irritation of 24 occupations studied (Caplan et al., 1975). Health professionals (e.g., physicians, dentists, nurses, and health technologists) baltimore ravens go ravens full printing ugly sweater have higher than expected rates of suicide which is most often related to depression and of alcohol and drug abuse . Nurses and other health care workers have increased rates of hospitalizations for mental disorders (Gundersson & Colcord, 1982; Hoiberg, 1982). This information about specific risks within different occupations provides important information for possible intervention and training to improve conditions while at the same time, indicating the possibility of specific stressors that need to be addressed within the job. This type information would be lost with the proposed reporting guidelines.
Paragraph 1904.5 of the final rule contains eight exceptions to the work environment presumption that are intended to exclude from the recordkeeping system those injuries and illnesses that occur or manifest in the work environment, but have been identified by OSHA, based on its years of experience with recordkeeping, as cases that do not provide information useful to the identification of occupational injuries and illnesses and would thus tend to skew national injury and illness statistics. These eight exceptions are the only exceptions to the presumption permitted by the final rule. In the final rule, OSHA has restated the presumption of work-relationship to clarify that it includes any non-minor injury or illness occurring as a result of an event or exposure in the work environment, unless an exception in paragraph 1904.5 specifically applies. OSHA believes that the final rule’s approach of relying on the geographic presumption, with a limited number of exceptions, is more appropriate than the alternative approaches, for the following reasons.