On Halloween night, an unseasonable temperature inversion blocked bee pattern full printing christmas ugly sweater emissions from a zinc blast furnace. A week later, the “Donora Death Fog,”
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and in 1985 British scientists discovered an “ozone hole” over Antarctica. The report, published in Nature, catalyzed public sentiment. Something had to be done. bee pattern full printing christmas ugly sweater Two years later it was, with the passage of the Montreal Protocol. Signed in 1987, revised seven times, and ratified by 196 nations, the Montreal Protocol—officially known as the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer—has been hailed as “perhaps the single most successful international agreement to date,” by Kofi Anan, the former Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Environmental Protection Agency’s sister law, the Marine Mammal Protection Act, was signed in 1972, and was the world’s first law that mandated an ecosystem approach to marine resource management.
Galvin says that the greatest success of the ESA—signed into law by President Richard Nixon on December 28, 1973—is that “no species has gone extinct after being listed.” “It is one of the few laws that expressly values non-human life,” says Peter Galvin, conservation director, Center for Biological Diversity. O’Donnell says that as the standards of pollution measurement improve, so, too, should the act. “The Clean Air Act was and is meant to be a dynamic statute. It is not supposed to freeze in time.” There was the entire month of October 1954 in Los Angeles, when the worst in a string of smog attacks blanketed the region. Planes were diverted from airports. Children stayed home from school. Over 2,000 automobile accidents occurred in a single day. Two years later, a survey of L.A. doctors found that almost 95 percent had treated the “smog complex”—irritated eyes, cough, nausea, and headaches. There was the 1948 incident in Donora, Pennsylvania.