Prior to withdrawal, the U.S. had pledged to reduce greenhouse national football league seattle seahawks go hawks full printing ugly sweater gas emissions by 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025 and assign $3 million in aid to foreign countries combating climate change.
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chemicals used to make deodorants, hair sprays, perfumes, makeup, fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, detergents, cleansers, batteries, and myriad other common goods and products. national football league seattle seahawks go hawks full printing ugly sweater Alternatively, legislators could have fully grandfathered existing sources from federal emission standards, but for a limited time. Power plants, for example, could have been eligible for an exemption only until their 30th birthday—the end of their originally expected lifespan. The classic rationale for transition relief is fairness. Proponents of this view argue that market actors rely on existing law when making investment decisions and, as a result, should be shielded from—or compensated for—legal changes that would decrease the value of those investments.
By this logic, a power plant should not be punished for lacking pollution controls if no emission restrictions were in place at the time of its construction. Prior to the law’s passage, the economically useful life of a coal plant was thought to be about 30 years. But by 2012, more than three-quarters of the nation’s coal-fired generation capacity had been in service for longer than that. Indeed, as of that year, almost 40 percent of the nation’s coal-fired energy infrastructure was more than 40 years old, and close to 20 percent was more than 50 years old. Until quite recently, some operating plants dated all the way back to the 1940s, meaning that they had been running for more than twice their expected lifespan. While the nation has made significant strides in improving air quality, recent data shows an increase in harmful pollutants in the atmosphere. Accordingly, there are health, environmental and financial costs that correlate with the country’s ongoing air quality issues.