For instance, a trespass action must be based on a somehow visible or tangible invasion, iowa hawkeyes football go hawks full printing ugly sweater which is difficult if not impossible to prove in pollution cases.
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such as a dam or a timber sale that they claim causes environmental damage. They might seek compensatory damages to make up for a loss of property or for health costs, for instance, iowa hawkeyes football go hawks full printing ugly sweater and punitive damages, money awards above and beyond repayment of actual losses. By far the most important statute that cracked open the administrative process to judicial review is NEPA. Passed in 1969, the law requires all agencies to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for all major federal actions, including construction projects and issuing permits. Environmental groups have used this law repeatedly to force agencies to consider the environmental consequences of their actions, attacking various procedural aspects of EIS preparation. For example, they often claim that a given agency failed to consider alternative actions to the proposed one,
which might reduce environmental impact. In the early 1970s, environmental groups, aided by the media, focused public attention on the broad scope of the environmental crisis, and Congress reacted. It passed a host of comprehensive laws, including amendments to the Clean Air Act , the Endangered Species Act , the National Environmental Policy Act , the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act , the Toxic Substances Control Act , and others. These laws, or statutes, are implemented by federal agencies, who gain their authority through “organic acts” passed by Congress or by executive order. These common law remedies have not been very effective in protecting the overall quality of our environment . The lawsuits and resulting decisions were fragmented and site specific as opposed to issue oriented. Further, they rely heavily on a level of hard scientific evidence that is elusive in environmental issues.