Some courts grant an injunction ordering the polluter to shut down heifer cow ho ho ho pattern full printing christmas ugly sweater when state-of-the-art controls hold no further promise of relief. Other courts award damages for a nuisance
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Federal regulation of air pollution is controlled primarily by the Clean Air Act and its amendments. Air pollution is broadly defined by the act to mean any air pollution agents or combination of agents. heifer cow ho ho ho pattern full printing christmas ugly sweater The act directs the EPA to establish the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for air pollutants that endanger public health or welfare. The EPA may consider not the economic or technological feasibility of attaining NAAQS, but only whether the standards are set at levels necessary to protect the public. Hydrocarbons, which are produced by cars, motorboats, and power plants, form smog when combined with nitrogen oxides in the atmosphere under the influence of sunlight.
Nitrogen oxides are produced when fuel is burned at very high temperatures, as is the case with stationary combustion plants and motor vehicles. Once emitted into the air, nitrogen oxides can be chemically converted into sulfates and nitrates, which may return to earth as components of precipitation, known as acid rain. Prior Appropriation and Riparian Rights A riparian proprietor is the owner of land abutting a stream of water or river and, as such, has a qualified right in the soil to divert the stream as permitted by law. Generally, a riparian owner has the right to all the useful purposes to which a stream passing through the land may be put. Specifically, the rights of riparian owners have been divided into two discrete categories. Courts disagree about what should be done when a polluter can do nothing short of ceasing operations to lessen an injury. Many courts deny injunctive relief if the polluter is already using the most modern pollution control methods available.