OSHA has not adopted the approach suggested by Kaiser halloween it movie pennywise illusion doormat Permanente because the approach is too complex, does not apply equally to health care and non-health care settings,
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physicians’ offices, and most NCHS surveys. The following table includes a few illustrative examples of ICD illness codes for pain-related disorders that would be considered MSD halloween it movie pennywise illusion doormat cases under OSHA’s definition and would thus warrant an evaluation of work-relatedness by the employer. As discussed in the preamble to the work relationship section of the final rule (§ 1904.5), an employer is always free to consult a physician or other licensed health care professional to assist in making the determination of work relationship in individual injury or illness cases, including musculoskeletal disorders. If a physician or other licensed health care professional has knowledge of the employee’s current job activities and work conditions, work history, and the work environment, he or she can often use that information, along with the results of a
medical evaluation of the worker, to reach a conclusion about the work-relatedness of the condition. Relying on the expertise of a knowledgeable health care professional can be invaluable to the employer in those infrequent cases for which it is not clear whether workplace events or exposures caused or contributed to the MSD or significantly aggravated pre-existing symptoms. Employers may also obtain useful information from ergonomists, industrial engineers, or other safety and health professionals who have training and experience in relevant fields and can evaluate the workplace for the presence of ergonomic risk factors. As an initial matter, OSHA notes that the States are not authorized to provide employers with variances to the Part 1904 regulations, under either the rule being published today or the former rule. The issuing of such variances is exclusively reserved to Federal OSHA, to help ensure the consistency of the data nationwide and to make the data comparable from state-to-state.